Mikumi National Park is one of the most popular parks in Tanzania and is an important centre for education where students go to study ecology and conservation. The Mikumi flood plain, with its open grasslands, dominates the park together with the mountain ranges that border the park on two sides. A wide range of wildlife inhabits its 3,230 sq km area. Lion is commonly seen as are packs of wild dog, rare elsewhere in Africa. And other animals frequently observed are Elephant ,buffalo, civet, eland, giraffe, impala, kudu, reedbuck, warthog, waterbuck, wildebeest, zebra, Lichtenstein's hartebeest and sable antelope. Crocodiles, monitor lizard and giant python are among the park's many other residents. Over 400 species of birds have been observed in the park, many of which are Eurasian migrants who stay between October and April.